Spitsbergen is one of the northernmost landmasses on the globe.  Svalbard is the Norwegian name, meaning “cold coast”, for the archipelago.  It is a Norwegian territory that actually lies closer to Greenland than mainland Norway. Beginning with Bear Island in the south at 74°N to Rossoya in the north at almost 81°N, about 60% of the archipelago is covered in glaciers. Another 27% is barren stone, leaving only about 13% with vegetation.  For much of the year the sea is also covered with pack-ice which makes Spitsbergen an ideal Polar Bear habitat.