Petra – 2013

Petra is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. It has been a World Heritage Site since 1985.  Petra is often called the Rose City due to the color of the stone from which it was carved.

Petra was established as early as 312 BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans. Petra played a major roll on the caravan trade route which brought great wealth to the Nabataeans. The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812 when it was discovered by a Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

The site is accessed today by an approximate 1 mile walk slightly downhill through an opening called the Sig. Donkeys and horses are also for hire to people who do not want to walk.